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How a Bill Becomes Law

How A BIll Becomes Law

Introduction of Bills
Only legislators may introduce bills. After a bill is introduced, it is printed and sent to a ­committee for a hearing.

Committee Action
At the committee hearing, citizens may appear and give their views for or against a bill. The committee may recommend that a bill “do pass” or “do not pass.”

Three Readings
Each bill must be read by title on three different days in both the House and Senate before it is passed. In practice, the readings mark key stages in the movement of a bill from introduction to passage.

Amendments to Bills
When a bill is called for its second reading, amendments (changes in wording) previously approved by a standing committee, are adopted. Amendments can be offered by any member, but are usually referred to a standing committee for consideration.

Passage of Bills
When a bill is called for its third reading, it is voted on for passage.  A roll call vote is required, and a majority of the members elected must vote “Yes” to pass a bill, 30 votes in the Senate; 60 votes in the House.

Governor’s Action
Before a bill becomes law, it must be presented to the governor. He may sign a bill into law or send it back to the legislature for changes. He also may veto or reduce an appropriation item, or he may veto the entire bill.

Override of Governor’s Vetoes
The legislature may agree or disagree with the governor’s changes or veto of bills. If the legislature disagrees, it has the power to override the governor’s changes.

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News Releases

IMAGE Van Pelt on governor’s claims: I have my doubts
Wednesday, 20 June 2018
CHICAGO – State Senator Patricia Van Pelt of Chicago reacted to Governor Bruce Rauner’s assertion yesterday that he has done more for...

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IMAGE Jones: Governor falsely claims support of black community
Tuesday, 19 June 2018
CHICAGO – State Senator Emil Jones, III (D-Chicago) is issuing a response to misleading claims made by the governor during his Juneteenth...

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IMAGE Cunningham resolution celebrates Special Olympics milestone, honors athletes’ accomplishments
Wednesday, 13 June 2018
CHICAGO – A resolution presented by State Senator Bill Cunningham celebrates the 50th anniversary of the Special Olympics and congratulates...

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IMAGE Bertino-Tarrant empowers consumers to make sound financial decisions
Friday, 08 June 2018
PLAINFIELD - Credit reporting agencies will no longer be able to charge Illinois residents who want to freeze their report reports due to system...

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IMAGE Tom Cullerton’s Equifax measure is now law
Friday, 08 June 2018
VILLA PARK – On Sept. 7, 2017, Equifax announced that a security breach compromised the personal information of 143 million U.S. residents,...

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