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How a Bill Becomes Law

How A BIll Becomes Law

Introduction of Bills
Only legislators may introduce bills. After a bill is introduced, it is printed and sent to a ­committee for a hearing.

Committee Action
At the committee hearing, citizens may appear and give their views for or against a bill. The committee may recommend that a bill “do pass” or “do not pass.”

Three Readings
Each bill must be read by title on three different days in both the House and Senate before it is passed. In practice, the readings mark key stages in the movement of a bill from introduction to passage.

Amendments to Bills
When a bill is called for its second reading, amendments (changes in wording) previously approved by a standing committee, are adopted. Amendments can be offered by any member, but are usually referred to a standing committee for consideration.

Passage of Bills
When a bill is called for its third reading, it is voted on for passage.  A roll call vote is required, and a majority of the members elected must vote “Yes” to pass a bill, 30 votes in the Senate; 60 votes in the House.

Governor’s Action
Before a bill becomes law, it must be presented to the governor. He may sign a bill into law or send it back to the legislature for changes. He also may veto or reduce an appropriation item, or he may veto the entire bill.

Override of Governor’s Vetoes
The legislature may agree or disagree with the governor’s changes or veto of bills. If the legislature disagrees, it has the power to override the governor’s changes.

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News Releases

IMAGE Child Care stability package signed into law
Friday, 17 August 2018
SPRINGFIELD – Two proposals sponsored by State Senator Toi Hutchinson (D-Chicago Heights) to increase stability for the thousands of Illinois...

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IMAGE Stadelman proposal to educate students on college debt signed into law
Friday, 17 August 2018
SPRINGFIELD – College students would be able to make more informed financial decisions about their education under a measure passed this spring...

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IMAGE Hastings works to update state alimony law
Friday, 17 August 2018
TINLEY PARK – A new law sponsored by State Senator Michael E. Hastings (D-Tinley Park) will bring Illinois alimony law up to date with recent...

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IMAGE Bertino-Tarrant’s new law will help local entrepreneurs
Friday, 17 August 2018
PLAINFIELD – A new law in the Illinois aims to give veterans, minorities, women and disabled individuals the tools to launch business start-ups...

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IMAGE Cullerton law prohibits punishment of officers for seeking mental health care
Friday, 17 August 2018
VILLA PARK —A new Illinois law championed by State Senator Tom Cullerton (D-Villa Park) will prevent the penalization of police officers for...

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