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How a Bill Becomes Law

How A BIll Becomes Law

Introduction of Bills
Only legislators may introduce bills. After a bill is introduced, it is printed and sent to a ­committee for a hearing.

Committee Action
At the committee hearing, citizens may appear and give their views for or against a bill. The committee may recommend that a bill “do pass” or “do not pass.”

Three Readings
Each bill must be read by title on three different days in both the House and Senate before it is passed. In practice, the readings mark key stages in the movement of a bill from introduction to passage.

Amendments to Bills
When a bill is called for its second reading, amendments (changes in wording) previously approved by a standing committee, are adopted. Amendments can be offered by any member, but are usually referred to a standing committee for consideration.

Passage of Bills
When a bill is called for its third reading, it is voted on for passage.  A roll call vote is required, and a majority of the members elected must vote “Yes” to pass a bill, 30 votes in the Senate; 60 votes in the House.

Governor’s Action
Before a bill becomes law, it must be presented to the governor. He may sign a bill into law or send it back to the legislature for changes. He also may veto or reduce an appropriation item, or he may veto the entire bill.

Override of Governor’s Vetoes
The legislature may agree or disagree with the governor’s changes or veto of bills. If the legislature disagrees, it has the power to override the governor’s changes.

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News Releases

IMAGE House approves minimum wage increase cosponsored by Sandoval
Friday, 15 February 2019
SPRINGFIELD – Legislation cosponsored by State Senator Martin A. Sandoval (D-Chicago) to increase the state’s minimum wage to $15 an hour passed...

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IMAGE Villivalam commends House approval of minimum wage increase
Friday, 15 February 2019
SPRINGFIELD – The Illinois House today approved a measure that will gradually increase the minimum wage in Illinois to $15 an hour. “I’m...

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IMAGE Sandoval praises IDHS for early issuance of SNAP benefits
Thursday, 14 February 2019
­SPRINGFIELD – State Senator Martin A. Sandoval (D-Chicago) commended the Illinois Department of Human Services’ decision Wednesday to issue...

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IMAGE Murphy seeks to hold mobile home management companies accountable
Monday, 11 February 2019
DES PLAINES – State Senator Laura Murphy (D-Des Plaines) is looking for answers and a long-term solution to what happened at the local mobile home...

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IMAGE Aquino applauds Attorney General’s actions on TPS
Monday, 11 February 2019
SPRINGFIELD – State Senator Omar Aquino (D-Chicago) praised Attorney General Kwame Raoul for joining a coalition of 22 attorneys general in...

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