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How a Bill Becomes Law

How A BIll Becomes Law

Introduction of Bills
Only legislators may introduce bills. After a bill is introduced, it is printed and sent to a ­committee for a hearing.

Committee Action
At the committee hearing, citizens may appear and give their views for or against a bill. The committee may recommend that a bill “do pass” or “do not pass.”

Three Readings
Each bill must be read by title on three different days in both the House and Senate before it is passed. In practice, the readings mark key stages in the movement of a bill from introduction to passage.

Amendments to Bills
When a bill is called for its second reading, amendments (changes in wording) previously approved by a standing committee, are adopted. Amendments can be offered by any member, but are usually referred to a standing committee for consideration.

Passage of Bills
When a bill is called for its third reading, it is voted on for passage.  A roll call vote is required, and a majority of the members elected must vote “Yes” to pass a bill, 30 votes in the Senate; 60 votes in the House.

Governor’s Action
Before a bill becomes law, it must be presented to the governor. He may sign a bill into law or send it back to the legislature for changes. He also may veto or reduce an appropriation item, or he may veto the entire bill.

Override of Governor’s Vetoes
The legislature may agree or disagree with the governor’s changes or veto of bills. If the legislature disagrees, it has the power to override the governor’s changes.

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News Releases

IMAGE Murphy-backed workers’ compensation reform advances
Tuesday, 17 April 2018
SPRINGFIELD —Employers may see lower workers’ compensation premiums under a measure backed by State Senator Laura Murphy (D-Des Plaines)...

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IMAGE Manar joins Senate in voting to protect downstate Main Street retailers
Tuesday, 17 April 2018
Measure will help stabilize rural communities as consumer shopping habits evolve SPRINGFIELD – An effort to protect rural and downstate...

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IMAGE Mulroe works to strengthen smoke free Illinois
Tuesday, 17 April 2018
SPRINGFIELD – Illinois State Police and state conservation officers could join local police in enforcing Illinois’ anti-smoking laws. A...

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IMAGE Manar calls out Rauner for holding up state grant for Decatur clinic
Friday, 13 April 2018
Clinic’s ability to address Decatur opioid crisis uncertain while state funding is withheld SPRINGFIELD – State Senator Andy Manar is...

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IMAGE Koehler passes measure bringing transparency to fracking operations
Thursday, 12 April 2018
SPRINGFIELD – Legislation that brings transparency to the fracking process passed a key senate committee today. Senate Bill 3174, sponsored by...

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