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How a Bill Becomes Law

How A BIll Becomes Law

Introduction of Bills
Only legislators may introduce bills. After a bill is introduced, it is printed and sent to a ­committee for a hearing.

Committee Action
At the committee hearing, citizens may appear and give their views for or against a bill. The committee may recommend that a bill “do pass” or “do not pass.”

Three Readings
Each bill must be read by title on three different days in both the House and Senate before it is passed. In practice, the readings mark key stages in the movement of a bill from introduction to passage.

Amendments to Bills
When a bill is called for its second reading, amendments (changes in wording) previously approved by a standing committee, are adopted. Amendments can be offered by any member, but are usually referred to a standing committee for consideration.

Passage of Bills
When a bill is called for its third reading, it is voted on for passage.  A roll call vote is required, and a majority of the members elected must vote “Yes” to pass a bill, 30 votes in the Senate; 60 votes in the House.

Governor’s Action
Before a bill becomes law, it must be presented to the governor. He may sign a bill into law or send it back to the legislature for changes. He also may veto or reduce an appropriation item, or he may veto the entire bill.

Override of Governor’s Vetoes
The legislature may agree or disagree with the governor’s changes or veto of bills. If the legislature disagrees, it has the power to override the governor’s changes.

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News Releases

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Thursday, 02 July 2020
PLAINFIELD — To help businesses affected by the COVID-19 pandemic through the process of applying for state and federal emergency assistance...

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Thursday, 02 July 2020
CHICAGO –State Senator Robert Martwick (D-Chicago) celebrated the new law enabling a Chicago casino, because millions in taxes collected from the...

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IMAGE Joyce announces more than $20,000 for Braceville Fire Protection District
Thursday, 02 July 2020
PARK FOREST – The Braceville Fire Protection District will receive more than $20,000 in state grants for new equipment, State Senator Patrick...

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IMAGE Sims: Illinois’ minimum wage increase to $10 is long overdue
Wednesday, 01 July 2020
CHICAGO—The minimum wage in Illinois increased to $10 on Wednesday because of a 2019 law co-sponsored by State Senator Elgie R. Sims Jr....

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IMAGE New anti-discrimination and harassment law takes effect
Wednesday, 01 July 2020
GRAYSLAKE — Private sector workers who experience sexual harassment and discrimination will have greater protections under the law thanks to a...

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